The orange tree (Citrus Sinensis) is a fruit tree native to Asia which belongs to the family of Rutaceae. It belongs to the genus citrus in the same way as the lemon tree or the clementine tree. Theorange tree has about fifteen varieties. It is generally present around the Mediterranean and in hot regions around the world. It is the most cultivated tree on earth.
It is usually planted in the fall and flowers between March and July. It needs a drained and sandy soil and a sunny exposure. It can be placed in an orchard, in a tub or simply in a garden. If the orange tree (Citrus Sinensis) is not grown in a warm region, it should be planted in a container and brought in during the winter period.
The orange tree results from a cross between the mandarin tree (Citrus reticulata) and the grapefruit tree (Citrus maxima) and gives fruits called oranges, colored… orange! The tree reaches a height of between 5 and 10 meters. The orange tree (Citrus Sinensis) has white flowers as well as numerous deep and dark green leaves measuring between 4 and 10 centimeters long. The fruit harvesting period differs depending on the variety of orange tree chosen.
How to maintain an orange tree?
Watering should be sufficiently abundant. The orange tree must be pruned every year at the end of winter to allow the tree to bear fruit. The best is to remove the woods that grow inward and intersect to give it as much light as possible. A gentle pruning may finally be necessary to balance the antlers of the orange tree.
Diseases and enemies of the orange tree
Moniliosis or fruit rot is a fungus pest of fruit trees. It can have disastrous effects on the crop. Mealybugs and aphids can also attack and weaken the tree.
Uses of the orange tree
We get some orange blossom essence of neroli and orange blossom water. Its fruit, orange, can be eaten fresh and available in a thousand and one recipes such as orange juice, jam, pastries, alcohol or duck with orange. Its juice is stimulating because it has a high content of vitamin C.